Automation Technology is a technology that is processed without human help. Automation control is used for machines such as machinery, factories, boilers, switching over telephone networks, steering, and stability of ships, aircraft, and operating equipment for vehicles with minimal amounts and other applications. Reducing human interference has completely automated the processes.
Automation has acquired in many fields like mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, electronic devices and computers, through various methods spontaneously. Complex systems, such as modern factories and airplanes etc. generally use these combined techniques. The facility of automation involves labor saving, electricity cost savings, saving material costs, quality and accuracy.
Evolution of automation
Autonomous technology has emerged from the field of mechanization, which was the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Mechanization refers to the mechanical strength of some forms of human (or animal) replacement energy. Humanity has become the driving force behind the mechanization and the creation of mechanical devices.
Perhaps the most significant benefit of automobile automation is that it is quickly associated with production costs and cheap labor costs. Another advantage may be that it replaces the difficult, physical, or monotonous works.
Moreover, tasks are performed in dangerous environments, or else work can be done by machines outside of human power because the machines can work in extreme temperatures or radioactive or toxic conditions in the atmosphere. They can be maintained with simple quality checks.
However, having the time, all the work cannot be done automatically, and some tasks are automatically expensive than others. The initial cost of installing the equipment in the factory settings is high, and the failure to maintain a system can damage the product itself.
In addition, some studies have shown that industrial automation can create serious effects outside the concerns of employment, due to environmental damage and however, these results may be both flawed and controversial in nature and potentially circumvented.
- Improved quality or improved quality predictions.
- Advanced consistency (compatibility) of processes or products Output Growth.
- Reduced direct labor costs and expenditures of people Operation installation cycle reduces time.
- A high degree can complete tasks where precision is needed.
- Replacing human operators in tasks that involve strict physical work.
- Potential security threats/weaknesses due to increase in relative sensitivity to creating errors.
- Unpredictable or excessive development costs.
- High initial cost
- Employees are employed due to workplace transplantation.
- Moves towards more environmental damage and can integrate climate change.
Limitations of Automation
Many roles for people in the industrial process are now lies beyond the chance of automation. The human-level pattern of understanding in production ability exceeds the efficiency of modern mechanical and computer systems.
Evaluation of Functionality or complex-sensitive data synthesis, such as scents and words, such as strategic planning requires high-level work, in many cases, human skills are needed, human consumption is more expensive than mechanical approaches, even where the artwork is possible to automate.
A theoretical way in post-technology economics beyond these barriers.
Because enhanced automation can often be concerned about losing their jobs as workers render their skills or their unnecessary experience. At the beginning of industrial revolution, when the inventions like steam engine were spending some profession classes, the workers forcefully resist these changes.
For example, the litigations are English textile workers who destroy them and protest the introduction of the weaving machine. Similar movements have ever been grown from time to time.
For most of the nineteenth and twentieth century, the most influential organized movement of this movement is driven by labor, which has led to the reorganization of workers whose work becomes unnecessary by the machine.
Automation is already contributing significantly to unemployment, especially in countries where the government does not want to reduce its impact. In the US, all current jobs of 4733 include the possibility of complete automation by 2033, according to the research by Carl Benedict Fray and Michael Osborne.
In addition, wages and educational achievements strongly seem to relate to a risk automatically. In the case of high-tech corridors, such as Silicon Valley, the fact that professionals who do not require university degree are currently spreading to the future, in which there is little scope for adults to maintain a large amount of profitable employment.
As the example of Sweden is recommended, however, there is no need to inspire Panic due to the change in more automatic future, if there is enough political will to reorganize the workers, their positions are presented in an obsolete form.
Automation Technology by Jay Banerjee